The blue-throated barbet (Psilopogon asiaticus) belongs to the family of Asian barbets, the Megalaimidae.
Appearance, physical description and identificationThe blue-throated barbet (Psilopogon asiaticus) is a medium-sized barbet, measuring 20 to 25 cm in length and weighing 60 to 100 grams.
The back, wings and the uppertail of the blue-throated barbet are green. The underparts are yellowish green. The undertail is bluish green. Both the sexes look similar. The juveniles have paler plumage.
The bill is heavy and fringed with bristles. The bill is ivory colored with dark patch on the tip as well as the upper side of the upper mandible. The irises are brown. The feet are pale gray. Their call is a fast repeated "tu-tu-tuk" sounds.
Origin, geographical range and distributionThe blue-throated barbet species is distributed in Pakistan, India, Nepal, Bhutan, Bangladesh, Myanmar, Thailand, Laos, Vietnam and China.
In India, these blue-throated barbet species are distributed in the states of Jammu and Kashmir, Himachal Pradesh, Punjab, Haryana, Uttarakhand, Uttar Pradesh, Bihar, Jharkhand, West Bengal, Sikkim, Assam, Meghalaya, Arunachal Pradesh, Nagaland, Manipur, Tripura and Mizoram.
The blue-throated barbet nominate subspecies P. a. asiaticus is distributed in northeast Pakistan, along the Himalayan India, Nepal, Bhutan, Bangladesh, northeast India, north and central Myanmar and south and central China.
The blue-throated barbet subspecies P. a. davisoni is distributed in southeast Myanmar, Thailand, northern Laos, north and central Vietnam and south and central China.
Ecosystem and habitatThese blue-throated barbet species have moderate forest dependence. They normally occur in altitudes from 200 to 2000 meters. The artificial ecosystems and habitats of these species include plantations, rural gardens, urban parks and orchards.
The natural ecosystems and habitats of these barbet species include, subtropical and tropical lowland forests, subtropical and tropical montane forests, primary and secondary evergreen forests and deciduous forests.
Diet and feeding behaviorThe diet of the blue-throated barbet consists mainly of fruits. Wild fruits, orchard fruits, berries, figs, flower and buds are their primary food. Sometime they feed on insects including ants, cicadas, dragonflies, crickets, locusts, beetles and mantids.
Reproduction and breeding habitsThe breeding season of these blue-throated barbet species is from March to July in India. Sometimes two broods are raised in a season. These birds are monogamous and territorial. Courtship includes singing and counter-singing and bobbing of head.
These blue-throated barbet species mostly excavate holes in trees for nesting. The clutch contains two to four white eggs without any markings. Both pairs take turns to incubate the eggs. The chicks hatch out after 13-15 days.
Migration and movement patternsThese blue-throated barbet species are non-migratory resident birds. The birds in higher altitudes may descent to lower levels during winter.
Blue-throated barbet - Quick Facts
- Scientific name: Psilopogon asiaticus
- Species author: (Latham, 1790)
- Synonyms/Protonym: Trogon asiaticus Latham, 1790, Megalaima asiaticus
- Family: Megalaimidae › Piciformes › Aves › Chordata › Animalia
- Vernacular names: English: Blue-throated barbet, Chinese: 蓝喉拟, French: Barbu à gorge bleue, German: Blauwangen-Bartvogel, Spanish: Barbudo gorjiazul común, Russian: Голубощёкий бородастик, Japanese: アオノドゴシキドリ
- Other names: Blue-throated Barbet
- Distribution: Pakistan, India, Nepal, Bhutan, Bangladesh, Myanmar, Thailand, Laos, Vietnam, China
- Diet and feeding habits: fruits, berries, figs, insects
- IUCN status listing: Least Concern (LC)
Conservation and survivalThe global population size of the blue-throated barbet (Psilopogon asiaticus) has not been quantified. The overall population trend of the species is considered to be stable.
Throughout its range, this barbet species is reported to be common. The generation length is 8.5 years. Its distribution size is about 4,020,000 sq.km.
Habitat alteration and destruction, deforestation and trapping for pet-trade are the main threats that are endangering the survival of this barbet species.
IUCN and CITES statusThe blue-throated barbet (Psilopogon asiaticus) does not approach the thresholds for being Vulnerable either under the range size criterion, or under the population trend criterion or under the population size criterion.
The IUCN (International Union for Conservation of Nature) has categorized and evaluated the species and has listed it as of "Least Concern".
The CITES (Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora) status is ‘Not Evaluated’ for blue-throated barbet (Psilopogon asiaticus).
|Taxonomy and scientific classification of Psilopogon asiaticus|
|Binomial name:||Psilopogon asiaticus|
|IUCN status listing:||
The two recognized subspecies of Psilopogon asiaticus are: Psilopogon asiaticus asiaticus (Latham, 1790) and Psilopogon asiaticus davisoni (A. O. Hume, 1877).
1.Photo source: https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Bird_Blue_throated_barbet_01.jpg (cropped)
Photo author: SaniyaChaplod | License: CC BY-SA 4.0
2.Photo source: https://www.flickr.com/photos/kkoshy/26047661023/ (cropped)
Photo author: Koshy Koshy | License: CC BY 2.0 as on 11/15/17
3.Photo source: https://www.flickr.com/photos/world-birds/17503574313/ (cropped)
Photo author: Darren Bellerby | License: CC BY 2.0 as on 11/15/17
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